Indians, LaSalle & Cabeza de Vaca    

History

 

Main Jackson County History page

Karankawa Indians were the earliest occupants of the future county. Camping along a narrow strip of land along Matagorda Bay, they subsisted on a combination of hunting, gathering, and fishing. In 1528 Europeans made the first contact with Texas Indians when remnants of Pánfilo de Narváez's calamitous expedition washed ashore on an island they named Malhado. Local Indians held Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca and a few other survivors in bondage for nearly six years. During his period of Indian captivity, Cabeza de Vaca probably spent some time in what is now Jackson County. In 1684 René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, explored the area and established a settlement called Fort St. Louis, which some claim, probably wrongly, was in the future Jackson County. After San Fernando de Béxar and La Bahía became the focus of Spanish mission activity, the rich coastal area around present Jackson County was largely abandoned. Indians continued to inhabit the region and raid the Spanish ranches to the south.

from the Handbook of Texas Online, Jackson County

   

Indians

 

bulletKarankawa Indians Memorial, Jackson County, Texas
bullet Karankawa Indians from TexasIndians.com
bullet Karankawa Indians from the Handbook of Texas Online
bullet Karankawa Indians exhibit at the Texana Museum
bullet Quinet Indians from the Handbook of Texas Online
bullet Anachorema Indians from the Handbook of Texas Online
bullet Quara Indians from the Handbook of Texas Online
bullet Ebahamo Indians from the Handbook of Texas Online
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Explorers

Cabeza de Vaca, Alvar Nuñez

from Historic Text Archive

 
René Robert Cavalier LeSieur de La Salle from the Handbook of Texas Online

click to enlarge photo

LaSalle Odyssey exhibit at the Texana Museum

Fort St. Louis from the Handbook of Texas Online

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